Fauna (referring to animal) are also a major focus of APM.
Throughout the course of the year, Fauna surveys are undertaken during seasons of high fauna activity. This is often at the time of the year when climatic conditions are at their most extreme in terms of heat and humidity. The animal activity ensures accurate results.
Surveys start with online searches for previous recordings of fauna species in the area of interest and searches of records within APM’s extensive in-house database. Lists are refined by cross-referencing available site-specific habitat information with known habitats utilised by different fauna. A final expected species list will comprise those species that are likely to utilise, or be affected by changes to, the study area. These species then become the target of extensive field fauna trapping surveys using a variety of trapping and opportunistic search methods.
Field surveys are designed to meet the criteria of EPA Guidance Statement No. 56: Terrestrial Fauna Surveys for Environmental Impact Assessment in Western Australia (2004) and EPA Position Statement No 3: Terrestrial Biological Surveys as an Element of Biodiversity Protection (2002). Survey designs also give due consideration to specific guidelines for surveying threatened species listed under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). Field surveys utilise a range of techniques including Pit, Funnel, Cage and Aluminium Box trapping, acoustic recording, nocturnal spotlighting and opportunistic searching.
Survey results are then interpreted in the context of the proposed potential impacts to the receiving environment. Reports can be presented as Environmental Impact Assessments or Environmental Management Plans.